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current president of bhutan

It has two UN missions, one in New York and one in Geneva. The political system grants universal suffrage. Bhutan's national and most popular sport is archery. Imports, however, amount to €164 million, leading to a trade deficit. The Bhutanese king was the guest of honor during celebrations of the 40th anniversary of Bangladesh's independence. By protecting and nurturing Bhutan’s living culture it is believed that it will help guard the sovereignty of the nation. [141] In May 2012, "Thimphu TechPark" was launched in the capital. [169], The Lateral Road is Bhutan's primary east–west corridor, connecting the towns of Phuentsholing in the southwest to Trashigang in the east. [110][182] Following forcible deportation from Bhutan, Lhotshampas spent almost two decades in refugee camps in Nepal and were resettled in various western countries such as the United States between 2007–2012. India sent 150,000 doses of Covisheild vaccines to Bhutan and 100,000 doses to the Maldives. Dairy foods, particularly butter and cheese from yaks and cows, are also popular, and indeed almost all milk is turned into butter and cheese. [citation needed], Bhutan is likely to benefit geopolitically from the global transition to renewable energy and is ranked no. Although the Sharchops are slightly larger in demographic size, the Ngalops dominate the political sphere, as the King and the political elite belong to this group. King Wangchuck made his brother-in-law Jigme Palden Dorji (1919-64) prime minister and together they helped lead the modernization polices and reforms that the king wanted to install. Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan and the Maldives have received India's COVID-19 vaccines under grant assistance in sync with its Neighbourhood First policy. Bhutan's sixth Five-Year Plan (1987–92) included a policy of 'one nation, one people' and introduced a code of traditional Drukpa dress and etiquette called Driglam Namzhag . The People's Democratic Party came to power in the 2013 elections. Violators are fined the equivalent of $232—a month's salary in Bhutan. if your wondering, … Bhutan's climate varies with elevation, from subtropical in the south to temperate in the highlands and polar-type climate with year-round snow in the north. The country is a member of 150 international organizations,[89] including the Bay of Bengal Initiative, BBIN, World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the Group of 77. Gangkar Puensum, the highest mountain in Bhutan. Bhutan also elected its first female Dzongda, equivalent to a District Attorney, in 2012, and its first female minister in 2013. Much the same could be said of the Sharchops, the largest group, who traditionally follow the Nyingmapa rather than the official Drukpa Kagyu form of Tibetan Buddhism. As of 2015[update], it generates about 2,000 MW of hydropower from Himalayan river valleys. President-elect Joe Biden criticized the Trump administration Tuesday for the pace of distributing COVID-19 vaccines and predicted that “things will get worse before they get better” when it comes to the pandemic. The EIC's surveyor general James Rennell first anglicized the French name as "Bootan," and then popularized the distinction between it and Greater Tibet. Venugopal was up to 30th June 2020, his tenure was extended for a period of one year effective from 1st July 2020 to 30th June 2021. [142], Incomes of over Nu 100,000 per annum are taxed, but as Bhutan is currently one of the world's least developed countries, very few wage and salary earners qualify. As with other roads in Bhutan, the Lateral Road presents serious safety concerns due to pavement conditions, sheer drops, hairpin turns, weather and landslides. [194] The government is increasingly making efforts to preserve and sustain the current culture and traditions of the country. Fishing in Bhutan is mainly centered on trout and carp. Government revenues total $407.1 million, though expenditures amount to $614 million. In modern times, with improved transportation infrastructure, there has been much intermarriage between these groups. The chief contestants were the Bhutan Peace and Prosperity Party (DPT) led by Jigme Thinley and the People's Democratic Party (PDP) led by Sangay Ngedup. [63], Bhutan has a rich primate life, with rare species such as the golden langur. Win Myint (born 8 November 1951) is a Burmese politician and former political prisoner who is serving as the 10th President of Myanmar since 30 March 2018. Bhutan maintains strong economic, strategic, and military relations with India. there is king as the head of the country. The land consists mostly of steep and high mountains crisscrossed by a network of swift rivers that form deep valleys before draining into the Indian plains. The larger minority languages are Dzala (11%), Limbu (10%), Kheng (8%), and Rai (8%). [51] In 1988 Bhutan conducted a census in southern Bhutan. ... As president, Mukherjee hosted US President Barack Obama … Jetsun Pema became queen of the kingdom of Bhutan in October 2011, at just 21, when she married 31-year-old King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck of Bhutan, also known as the "Dragon King." [107][111][112][113] The Lhotshampas started demonstrations in protest of such discriminatory laws. In 1910, a treaty guaranteed British advice in foreign policy in exchange for internal autonomy in Bhutan. [148], Bhutan's largest export is hydroelectricity. [186], Buddhism was introduced to Bhutan in the 7th century AD. Biden encouraged Americans to “steel our spines” for challenges to come and predicted that “things are going to get worse before they get better.” While Bhutan is one of the smallest countries in the world, its cultural diversity and richness are profound. Dr Lotay Tshering, President Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa (DNT) in an exclusive conversation with CONNECTING NATIONS. Military and other security forces were deployed for forceful deportations of between 80,000 - 100, 000 Lhotshampas using widespread violence, torture, rape and killing. The modern distinction between the two did not begin until well into the Scottish explorer George Bogle's 1774 expedition. But the social ferment in the Philippines that led to martial law in the early 1970s is now being forgotten and twisted to suit the needs of current President Rodrigo Duterte. Fungi form a key part of Bhutanese ecosystems, with mycorrhizal species providing forest trees with mineral nutrients necessary for growth, and with wood decay and litter decomposing species playing an important role in natural recycling. [50] The British government promptly recognized the new monarchy, and in 1910 Bhutan signed the Treaty of Punakha, a subsidiary alliance which gave the British control of Bhutan's foreign affairs and meant that Bhutan was treated as an Indian princely state. However, these names seem to have referred not to modern Bhutan but to the Kingdom of Tibet. Such political demonstrations were forcefully suppressed by Bhutanese security forces. [211] The previous king, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, who abdicated in 2006, had four queens, all of whom are sisters. country. [46][47], When Ngawang Namgyal died in 1651, his passing was kept secret for 54 years. Bhutan has no President but has a King as the head of state and a Prime Minister as the head of government. [109][124] In 1988, the Bhutanese authorities carried out a special census[125] in southern Bhutan, region of high Lhotshampa population, resulting in mass denationalization of Lhotshampas, followed by forcible deportation of 107,000 Lhotshampas, approximately one-sixth of the total population at the time. [60] There are 1,070 males to every 1,000 females. NOTE: 1) The information regarding Bhutan on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. The standing army numbers about 16,000 and is trained by the Indian Army. 4 out of 156 nations in the index of geopolitical gains and losses after energy transition (GeGaLo Index). [214] Some Bhutanese communities have what is referred to as matrilineal communities, where the eldest daughter receives the largest share of the land. The Army relies on the Eastern Air Command of the Indian Air Force for air assistance. Bhutan received 150,000 coronavirus vaccine shots on Wednesday, but the Himalayan kingdom has insisted that no one will get the jab until the current "inauspicious month" ends on March 13. The northern Duars, which abut the Himalayan foothills, have rugged, sloping terrain and dry, porous soil with dense vegetation and abundant wildlife. He was the Speaker of the House of Representatives of Myanmar from 2016 to 2018. there is no president . Dr Lotay Tshering, President Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa (DNT) in an exclusive conversation with CONNECTING NATIONS. This means they use less biocapacity than Bhutan contains. In 1971, Bhutan was admitted to the United Nations, having held observer status for three years. The basis of electoral constituencies in Bhutan is the chiwog, a subdivision of gewogs delineated by the Election Commission. Commercial production includes coal, dolomite, gypsum, and limestone. The country's constitution mentions environment standards in multiple sections. The SAARC Development Fund is based in Thimphu. In Bhutanese families, inheritance generally passes matrilineally through the female rather than the male line. Tshangla, the language of the Sharchop and the principal pre-Tibetan language of Bhutan, is spoken by a greater number of people. Japan is also helping Bhutan cope with glacial floods through developing an early warning system. Bhutan is the first country in the world to have banned the sale of tobacco under its Tobacco Act of 2010.[46]. The first general elections for the National Assembly were held on 24 March 2008. After his father Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicated the throne in his favour, … [192][193] Hinduism is the second most dominant religion in Bhutan, being most prevalent in the southern regions. [86] Jigme Thinley served as Prime Minister from 2008 to 2013. Elevation rises from 200 m (660 ft) in the southern foothills to more than 7,000 m (23,000 ft). The current tenure of K.K. Bhutan maintains formal diplomatic relations with several Asian and European nations, Canada, and Brazil. Bhutan - Bhutan - Government and society: Until the 1950s, Bhutan was an absolute monarchy whose sovereign was styled the druk gyalpo (“dragon king”). A documentary of the match was made by the Dutch filmmaker Johan Kramer. It incubates startups via the "Bhutan Innovation and Technology Center" (BITC). Take India’s relations with Bhutan. Bhutan's northern region consists of an arc of Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows reaching up to glaciated mountain peaks with an extremely cold climate at the highest elevations. The president is formally addressed as "The Right Honourable" (Nepali: सम्माननीय, romanized: Sam'mānanīya [109][124] In 1988, the Bhutanese authorities carried out a special census[125] in southern Bhutan, region of high Lhotshampa population, resulting in mass denationalization of Lhotshampas, followed by forcible deportation of 107,000 Lhotshampas, approximately one-sixth of the total population at the time. [187], Source: UN World Population Prospects[188], Basic healthcare in Bhutan is free, as provided by the Constitution of Bhutan. [215] The unemployment rate among women is also higher than that of men. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. Fruit-bearing trees and bamboo provide habitat for the Himalayan black bear, red panda, squirrel, sambar, wild pig and barking deer. In 2020, Bhutan ranked third in South Asia after Sri Lanka and the Maldives in the Human Development Index. The Lhotshampa, meaning "southerner Bhutanese", are a heterogeneous group of mostly Nepalese ancestry who have sought political and cultural recognition including equality in right to abode, language, and dress. [110][129] Following forcible deportation from Bhutan, Lhotshampas spent almost two decades in refugee camps in Nepal and were resettled in various western countries such as the United States between 2007–2012. Technically viable solar energy generation capacity is around 12,000 MW and wind around 760 MW. This is the first bilateral visit by a President of India to Bhutan in 26 years. This had little real effect, given Bhutan's historical reticence, and also did not appear to affect Bhutan's traditional relations with Tibet. [117] Human rights groups initially claimed the government interfered with individual rights by requiring all citizens, including ethnic minority members, to wear the traditional dress of the ethnic majority in public places. Since 2008, many Western countries, such as Canada, Norway, the UK, Australia, and the US, have allowed resettlement of majority of the Lhotshampa refugees. At age 29, Khesar is currently the world's youngest monarch and head of … In the vast majority of constituencies, rural geog (village blocks) are administered by bodies called the Geog Tshogde. [107][108] In 1977 followed by in 1985 Bhutan's government enacted legislations against the Lhotshampa ethnic minority to tighten citizenship criteria and introducing provisions for denationalization of Lhotshampas who held citizenship. [52], Bhutan's political system has recently changed from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy. [214], Rooted deep in Bhutan culture is the idea of selflessness and the women of Bhutan take on this role in the context of the household. There are no reliable sources for the ethnic or linguistic composition of Bhutan, so these numbers do not add up to 100%. Realizing the differences between the two regions, cultures, and states, his final report to the East India Company formally proposed calling the Druk Desi's kingdom "Boutan" and the Panchen Lama's kingdom "Tibet". [37] Buddhism was propagated in earnest[35] in 746[38] under King Sindhu Rāja (also Künjom;[39] Sendha Gyab; Chakhar Gyalpo), an exiled Indian king who had established a government in Bumthang at Chakhar Gutho Palace.[40]:35[41]:13. [106] Women also, in general, work lower-quality jobs than men and only earn 75% of men's earnings. Bhutan, country of south-central Asia, located on the eastern ridges of the Himalayas. Bhutan has no railways, though Indian Railways plans to link southern Bhutan to its vast network under an agreement signed in January 2005. The current president is Bidhya Devi Bhandari, who was first elected in October 2015. In 1965, he set up a Royal Advisory Council, and in 1968 he formed a Cabinet. Bhutan is ranked as "Partly Free" by Freedom House. Trans. On 8 August 1949, a treaty similar to that of 1910, in which Britain had gained power over Bhutan's foreign relations, was signed with the newly independent India.[33]. National Environment Commission. [135] Agrarian practices consist largely of subsistence farming and animal husbandry. Since the beginning of modern education in Bhutan, teachers from India, especially Kerala have served in some of the most remote villages of Bhutan. Bhutan currency (BTN). Current FamilyMart President Takashi Sawada, 63, will become vice chairman. The Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King) is the head of state. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck is the current King of Bhutan. [215], Throughout Bhutan, there has been an improvement in reproductive health services that has led to a drastic drop in maternal mortality rate, dropping from 1,000 in 1990 to 180 in 2010. Bhutan's main export partner is India, accounting for 58.6 percent of its export goods. The new interim president is a retired colonel and former defense minister who served under the ousted president. Tibetan king Songtsän Gampo (reigned 627–649), a convert to Buddhism, ordered the construction of two Buddhist temples, at Bumthang in central Bhutan and at Kyichu Lhakhang (near Paro) in the Paro Valley. According to the Swiss-based International Union for Conservation of Nature, Bhutan is viewed as a model for proactive conservation initiatives. Another popular sport is basketball. All of Bhutan's protected land is connected to one another through a vast network of biological corridors, allowing animals to migrate freely throughout the country. [214] Most of the work that women do outside of the home is in family-based agriculture which is insecure and is one of the reasons why women are falling behind men when it comes to income. New Delhi: President Pranab Mukherjee will today pay a state visit to Bhutan at the invitation of the King of Bhutan Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck. The central bank of the country is the Royal Monetary Authority of Bhutan (RMA). [56], In 1999, the government lifted a ban on television and internet, making Bhutan one of the last countries to introduce television. The rupee is also accepted as legal tender in the country. It currently has net negative[73] greenhouse gas emissions because the small amount of pollution it creates is absorbed by the forests that cover most of the country. The high volume of imported materials to build hydropower plants has expanded Bhutan's trade and current account deficits. [120] Starting in the 1980s, Bhutan adopted a policy of "One Nation One People" to exert cultural (in language, dress and religion) and political dominance of the majority Drukpa people. The Bhutan Duars is divided into two parts, the northern and southern Duars. Bhutan population density. The Royal Bhutan Army is Bhutan's military service. [215] However, the younger generation has stepped away from this belief, in splitting the land evenly between the children instead of the eldest daughter inheriting the most land. In February 2007 the Indo-Bhutan Friendship Treaty was substantially revised. [60] The lowest point, at 98 m (322 ft), is in the valley of Drangme Chhu, where the river crosses the border with India. After Bhutan lost the war, the Treaty of Sinchula was signed between British India and Bhutan. Until the 1980s, the government sponsored the teaching of Nepali in schools in southern Bhutan. The first five-year plan provided for a central education authority—in the form of a director of education appointed in 1961—and an organized, modern school system with free and universal primary education. they are a constitutional monarchy, so they have a king and a prime minister, but no president. [177] Bhutan's nearest railway station is Hasimara. Gangkhar Puensum is Bhutan's highest peak and may also be the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. The earliest Western record of Bhutan, the 1627 Relação of the Portuguese Jesuits Estêvão Cacella and João Cabral,[43] records its name variously as Cambirasi (among the Koch Biharis[44]), Potente, and Mon (an endonym for southern Tibet). [144][145] Bhutanese red rice is the country's most widely known agricultural export, enjoying a market in North America and Europe. Bhutan opposed the Russian annexation of Crimea in United Nations General Assembly Resolution 68/262. Darts (khuru) is an equally popular outdoor team sport, in which heavy wooden darts pointed with a 10 cm nail are thrown at a paperback-sized target 10 to 20 meters (33 to 66 ft) away. In response, Bhutan has implemented an insurance scheme, begun constructing solar powered alarm fences, watch towers, and search lights, and has provided fodder and salt licks outside human settlement areas to encourage animals to stay away. King Wangchuck made his brother-in-law Jigme Palden Dorji (1919-64) prime minister and together they helped lead the modernization polices and reforms that the king wanted to install. Tibet, Bhutan, Sikkim and parts of Nepal became the vestiges of the Mahayana schools amid the decline of Buddhism in India. The Kingdom has received international acclaim for its commitment to the maintenance of its biodiversity. Bhutan was founded and unified as a country by Ngawang Namgyal, 1st Zhabdrung Rinpoche in the mid–17th century. Soups and stews of meat and dried vegetables spiced with chilies and cheese are prepared. Get reminders for Winter Solstice –", "Losar Festival Nepal : Tamu, Sherpa, Tibetan, Gyalpo Lhosar", "From Ngesem Ngesem to Khu Khu Khu ... Rigsar music woos local music fans", "Bhutan Wins Again! The "Bura Maap" (Red Scarf) is one of highest honors a Bhutanese civilian can receive. Bhutan may have been influenced by the Yuan dynasty with which it shares various cultural and religious similarities. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Directory of best currency transfer providers, compare to exchange rates when sending money from Bhutan Therefore, I take the opportunity to present this year’s State of the Nation based on the findings of the 2015 GNH survey. It won 32 seats and 54.88% of the vote. PDP leader Tshering Tobgay served as Prime Minister from 2013 to 2018. The precise etymology of "Bhutan" is unknown, although it is likely to derive from the Tibetan endonym "Böd" for Tibet. It is not treated as a sector but rather as a set of concerns that must be mainstreamed in Bhutan's overall approach to development planning and to be buttressed by the force of law. Dance dramas and masked dances such as the Cham dance are common traditional features at festivals, usually accompanied by traditional music. What does it mean when the flag is not flying at the White House? B Education programs were given a boost in 1990, when the Asian Development Bank (see Glossary) granted a US$7.13 million loan for staff training and development, specialist services, equipment and furniture purchases, salaries and other recurrent costs, and facility rehabilitation and construction at Royal Bhutan Polytechnic. Bhutan has very warm relations with Japan, which provides significant development assistance. [15] Bhutan ceded the Bengal Duars to British India during the Bhutan War in the 19th century. [37][42], Locally, Bhutan has been known by many names. The reigning monarch is Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck. [51] A central plank of the Bhutanese government's policy since the late 1980s has been to strengthen the role and status of Dzongkha in national life. Bhutan National Assembly Election 2018 held on 18th October 2018 . Another reason for it being an unpopular destination is the cost, which is high for tourists on tighter budgets. [92] A 2014 joint statement by the prime ministers of both countries announced cooperation in areas of hydropower, river management and climate change mitigation. We would like to congratulate the president, candidates, and supporters from Druk Nyamrup Tshogpa for making through the primary round of Bhutan’s third parliamentary election. [31][32], Stone tools, weapons, elephants, and remnants of large stone structures provide evidence that Bhutan was inhabited as early as 2000 BC, although there are no existing records from that time. [114] Lhotshampas were arrested, their houses burned and then expelled from the country and their property confiscated without compensation. Industries include cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages and calcium carbide. [117], The kingdom has a history of banning religious proselytizing,[118] which critics denounce as a violation of freedom of religion[119] and a policy of ethnic cleansing. It is bordered by China to the north and India to the south. [28] The terms for the Kings of Bhutan, Druk Gyalpo ("Dragon King"), and the Bhutanese endonym Drukpa, "Dragon people," are similarly derived. Executive power is exercised by the Council of Ministers led by the Prime Minister. [49], In 1907, an epochal year for the country, Ugyen Wangchuck was unanimously chosen as the hereditary king of the country by the Lhengye Tshog of leading Buddhist monks, government officials, and heads of important families, with the firm petition made by Gongzim Ugyen Dorji. [23] Bhutan is also a member of the Climate Vulnerable Forum, the Non-Aligned Movement, BIMSTEC, the IMF, the World Bank, UNESCO and the World Health Organization (WHO). [215] Importantly, land ownership does not necessarily equate to economic benefits - despite the eldest daughter having control of the house, it is the husband that is in charge of making decisions. Abdul Hamid is the current President in the country. It differs from Olympic standards in technical details such as the placement of the targets and atmosphere. Bhutan experiences five distinct seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring. The industrial sector is currently in a nascent stage. On 29th June 2020, the President of India has reappointed Senior Advocate K.K. The subalpine Himalayan mountains in the north rise from the country's lush subtropical plains in the south. The Eastern Himalayas have been identified as a global biodiversity hotspot and counted among the 234 globally outstanding ecoregions of the world in a comprehensive analysis of global biodiversity undertaken by WWF between 1995 and 1997. British protection guarded Bhutan from an independent Tibet and Qing China. Does Matthew Gray Gubler do a voice in the Disney movie Tangled? [152] Seeking to become a high-value destination, it imposes a daily fee of anywhere between US$180 to US$290 per day (or more) on tourists that covers touring and hotel accommodation. Bhutan signed the Rio Convention on Biological Diversity on 11 June 1992, and became a party to the convention on 25 August 1995. Most peaks in the north are over 7,000 m (23,000 ft) above sea level; the highest point is 7,570-meter (24,840 ft)-tall Gangkhar Puensum, which has the distinction of being the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. [215] There has also been an increase in contraceptive use from less than 1/3 in 2003 to 2/3 in 2010. [30] Until the early 17th century, Bhutan existed as a patchwork of minor warring fiefdoms, when the area was unified by the Tibetan lama and military leader Ngawang Namgyal, who had fled religious persecution in Tibet. [83] In 2019, Bhutan was classified in the Democracy Index as a hybrid regime alongside regional neighbors Nepal and Bangladesh. [30], The first time a separate Kingdom of Bhutan appeared on a western map, it did so under its local name "Broukpa". The political system of Bhutan has evolved over time together with its tradition and culture. [212] Competitions are held regularly in most villages. [208] The modern rigsar is played on a mix of traditional instruments and electronic keyboards, and dates back to the early 1990s; it shows the influence of Indian popular music, a hybrid form of traditional and Western popular influences.[209][210]. The current national literacy rate is 71 percent and the youth literacy rate is 93 percent. Bhutanese citizens may also work in India without legal restriction. Today Bhutan has two decentralized universities with eleven constituent colleges spread across the kingdom. As of 2015[update], the Tala Hydroelectric Power Station is its largest power plant, with an installed capacity of 1,020 MW. [37], The national language is Dzongkha (Bhutanese), one of 53 languages in the Tibetan language family. In response, Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang of the People's Republic of China said that the border remains in dispute and that the two sides are continuing to work for a peaceful and cordial resolution of the dispute, denying that the presence of soldiers in the area was an attempt to forcibly occupy it. Jewelry is commonly worn by women, especially during religious festivals ("tsechus") and public gatherings. A new constitution was presented in early 2005. The literacy rate in Bhutan is 59.5 percent.[178]. Bhutan also signed a memorandum of understanding with Bangladesh and India in July 2017 to jointly construct a new … Likewise, geog elect headmen called gups, vice-headmen called mangmis, who also sit on the Dzongkhag Tshogdu, as well as other members of the Geog Tshogde. Jean-Baptiste Tavernier's 1676 Six Voyages is the first to record the name Boutan. [74] The government aims to promote conservation as part of its plan to target Gross National Happiness. This great geographical diversity combined current president of bhutan equally diverse climate conditions contributes to Bhutan and Khesar Gyalpo University Medical! Younger siblings, Princess Dechen Yangzom ( b added recently in 2006 to in. Monsoon, autumn, winter and spring was first elected in October 2015,,. Three years system has recently changed from an independent branch of Tibeto-Burman 's inflation rate was estimated at three! Dzongkha ( Bhutanese ), mainly based in Thimphu energy production its commitment the! 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